There are no overarching data protection laws in Nigeria, but a number of laws aim to ensure the privacy of individuals in Nigeria, for example:
The Data Protection Guidelines issued by the National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) prescribe minimum data protection requirements for the dealing with the personal information of Nigerian citizens. However, the Guidelines are not presently being implemented by the NITDA. The Child Rights Act No. 26 of 2003 also protects the privacy of children and seeks to limit access to information relating to children in certain circumstances. The Child Rights Act does the following:
Regarding health-related information, unauthorised disclosure of information relating to the HIV status of an individual is an offence under the HIV and AIDS (Anti-Discrimination) Act of 2014. In the telecommunications industry, the Competition Practices Regulations 2007 and the Consumer Code of Practice Regulations 2007 requires all licensees to take reasonable steps to protect customer information and ensure that such information is securely stored.
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